Research Directions

How does variation at one level of biological organization map to variation across other levels?

Comparative studies show that phenotypes and their underlying mechanistic bases can be decoupled evolutionarily resulting in multiple paths to generating phenotypic variation across species. Across individuals gene by environment interactions result in the complex mapping of genotypes to phenotypes and highlight the role of development in organizing intraspecific patterns of phenotypic variation. My integrative research examines the origins and evolution of phenotypic variation across biological levels from molecules to behavior. 

Inter- and intraspecific variation in phenotypes and their underlying mechanisms can differ